## Sunday, March 22, 2009

### Medium Income Retire Successfully

Gabriel Pang is 68 years old.  He is one of my most favorite personal finance friends.  As much as I am helping with his personal finance, I learn much more from his experience.

He started earning his first \$100 at age 12.  That was \$100 for the whole year washing cars for neighbours.  At that time he saved all his \$100.  At age 16, he got a part time job earning \$1,800 that year.  He saved \$1,440 that year.  Later he could save less when he went to college.  For example, at age 20 he earned \$1,100 but save only \$550.

He got a proper job at age 23 earning \$29,700 that year.  He managed to save \$8.019 that year, about 30% of his income.  Then when he got married, he can only save 20% instead of 30%.

He started his own business at age 28.  At that year, his salary was \$87,600 and side income \$12,000.  He managed to save \$12,312 that year.  Finally he quited his job at age 31 and worked full time on his own.  His total earning is less than his old salary but he also pay less tax so he ended up with similar NET income.

One thing he does consistently is his saving range from 5% to 30% of his income.  According to his past historical results, his saving has been giving him 5% to 12% return yearly.

At age 42, he retired.  But after resting for 3 years, some opportunities showed up and he earned another \$30,000 to \$80,000 incidentally a couple of times.  Then he retired for good at age 53.  He finished paying all his loan at age 58.

His last year expenses is \$53,915, taken out from his \$555,105 saving.

Below is his cash flow chart.  It may be a bit confusing but basically it shows his total income, the taxes and loan he has been paying and a cumulative saving with return.  Top part purple color is the one when he made a lost in his own business or when he retired, then he needs to withdraw money out from his saving in order to survive which happened at age 36, 39 for business lost and then since age 42 for retirement.

Some of the high lights of his life are shown in chart below.

It seems like curently he has half a million saving for his retirement.  His personal inflation for the past 20 over years average is 3% and also for the past 20 years his saving has been giving him an average of 12% return consistently.  So using these 2 figures, I helped him projected that he can live on his saving until he is 98 years old.

This calculation excludes the EPF he didn't take out at age 55 which he has left there by itself.  He stopped contributing to EPF at age 30 with about \$50,000 insdie.  Right now there are about \$928,849 in there.
(correction 25 March 2009 : \$50k was his own contribution only, total balance at age 30 was \$115,823.11)

So he can safely enjoy his retirement as the way he has been for the last 20 years.

He only worked for less than 10 years and his own business only lasts 13 years with some years making losts.  His average annual income is about \$50,000.

What has he done that he can retire the way he wanted so easily ?